UCOLL 300 - Unit II - Reference Citations
The word "reference" can be confusing. Make sure you understand the different ways this word is used. The Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language provides a number of definitions of "reference." Let's look at two of the most significant for this course, UColl 300.
As a noun - Referring to or mentioning someone or something, either directly or indirectly, and often in the form of an ALLUSION or a QUOTATION.
In Unit II, we use the word reference in this sense:
As an adjective (reference books or reference tools) - “Distinct genres of reference book, such as the atlas for maps, the DICTIONARY for words, the directory for a variety of general or specific information (such as names, addresses, and telephone numbers), the encyclopedia for facts and opinions…”
Because reference tools are a good starting place before beginning your "real" research, we sometimes refer to them as "pre-search tools."
Reference tools such as encyclopedias and dictionaries are an important component of research. They can often help you understand more complex material, break down multi-faceted topics, and give you a good idea of what information is accepted “true” by scholars.
Generally when citing a reference source, you will need to include:
|Author:||E. Adams, Adjua Barbara|
|The Entry title:||Apollo Theater|
|The book or source title:||Encyclopedia of Black Studies|
|Publisher and place of publication:||SAGE, Thousand Oaks, CA|
|Date of publication:||2004|
|Database:||SAGE Reference Online|