All possible citation elements in order of appearance:

author | year | title | subtitle | site | url | date accessed


  • All resources that reside on the Internet are cited the same as materials appearing in print or electronically cited, with some additions
  • Scenes (individually accessible in DVDs) are treated as chapters and cited by title or by number, Note that online articles will generally not carry page numbers; for article-length material, however, descriptive 'locators' (see 16.14, 17.181) will rarely be necessary. add a URL and, if the publisher or discipline requires it, or for especially time-sensitive data, the date the material was last accessed

Cleese, J., T. Gilliam, E. Idle, T. Jones and M. Palin. 2001. Commentaries. Disc 2. Monty Python and the Holy Grail, special ed. DVD. Directed by Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones. Culver City, CA: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment.

  • Include an accessed date, especially for time sensitive material

Brancusi, A. and Frank Bolden. 2001. Crisis on Wallstreet. New York Times., March 25. (accessed January 2, 2002).

  • If there is a digital object identifier (DOI) for the source include it in place of page numbers or other locators

Allen, A. 2003. Tribal Notions. Slate March 25. doi:10.1006/sleh.2000.2694.

Print this section