Web documents share many of the same elements found in print documents (authors, titles, dates). The reference citation for a Web document often follows a format similar to that for a print document citation.

Webpage (Nonperiodical)

  • Author's name(s). (Publication date). Title of document. Retrieved from URL
  • Begin with the title of the website if no author is listed.
  • If a date is not available put (n.d.) after the title.

Second Example has no date listed:

Dempsey, A. (n.d.). Eyelashes: Batem' if you got'em. Retrieved from http://soyouwanttobeabeautyqueen.com/

Third Example has no Author and no date:

Plastic surgery: knowing when it's the right move for you. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.drnicksplasticsurgery.com/when.html

Online Photograph or Image

  • Primary Conributor(s)(s) names (Indicate Type of contribution [see below]). (Date). Image Title [Photograph orImage]. Retrieved from URL
  • Note: Use n.d. when no date is available.
  • Note: List the primary contributors in the author position and use parentheses to identify their contribution (Director, Producer, etc.).
  • Note: When no primary contributor is listed begin with the title.

Example:

Springfield Nuclear Power (Producer). (2008). Nuclear Powerplant [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://springfieldnuclearpp.com/pics/img123.jpg

 

Wikis

  • Article Title. (Date). Retrieved Date, from (wiki title): URL
  • Note: For material that may change over time APA requires the inclusion of a retrieval date.

Weblog Post or Comment

  • Author. Date (Year, Month Date). Re: Title [Web log post]. Retrieved from URL
  • When there is no author listed or the author is unknown, begin the entry with the work's title.
  • Use [web log post] for messages posted to the blog and [web log comment] when citing a comment to a blog.

Video Weblog

  • Author. Date (Year, Month Date). Title [Video file]. Retrieved from URL
  • When there is no author listed or the author is unknown, begin the entry with the work's title.

Example:

Lovejoy, H. (2005, November 11). Marge's hair is unnaturally blue [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4Uw8thmeR3ad1st

 

Podcast

  • Primary Conributor(s)(s) names (Indicate Type of contribution [see below]). Date (Year, Month Date). Podcast Title[Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL
  • Note:Use n.d. when no date is available.
  • Note:List the primary contributors in the author position and use parentheses to identify their contribution (Director, Producer, etc.).

Example:

Mel, S. (Producer). (n.d.). Hair-bones in high style. Krustyland Studios Online. [Audio podcast] Retrieved from http://krustofski.com

 

Newsgroup, Online Forum, or Discussion Group

  • Author. Date (Year, Month Date). Re: Post Title [Online forum Comment]. Retrieved from URL.

Example:

Pie, A. (2008, August 20). Re: The Eye in the Sky [Online forum Comment]. Retrieved from news://report.helicopter/artie/from_above

 

Video

  • Author (see bullet below). (Date). Title [Format]. Available from URL.
  • List the primary contributors in the author position and indicate their contribution in parentheses (Director, Producer, etc).

Example:

McClure, T. (Director). (1988). "P" is for psycho[DVD]. Available from http://neverbeenfilmedpictures.com/McClure/psycho

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